Measures may include a variety of areas, including attention, impulse control, executive functioning, cognitive flexibility, memory, auditory processing, verbal fluency/speed, visual perception, sequencing, motor planning, spatial planning.
Certain cognitive processes are linked with specific academic challenges; for example, phonemic awareness is often related to learning to decode words and visual-auditory associative memory is often related to reading fluency. Therefore, patterns are analyzed to determine functioning of underlying processes that may be contributing to challenges in school or with learning.
Examples of Processing Measures include:
Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities-III
Early Reading Success Indicator (ERSI)
Process Assessment of the Learner-2 (PAL-2) for Reading and Writing
Process Assessment of the Learner-2 (PAL-2) for Math
Beery Visual-Motor Integration
Test of Everyday Attention for Children
Delis-Kaplan Executive Functions System